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Breast cancer-symptoms, causes, treatment

What exactly is breast cancer?

Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer in women and, after lung cancer, the second leading cause of death among women.For breast cancer treatment contact Dr. Amita shah one of the best gyne in Gurgaon. Breast cancer is characterised by the abnormal development of cells lining the breast lobules or ducts. These cells proliferate at an alarming rate and have the potential to move to other places of the body. Breast cancer may affect both men and women, however it is more frequent in women.For breast cancer treatment contact Dr. Amita shah one of the best gyne in Gurgaon.
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Symptoms of breast cancer

Some patients have no symptoms and the cancer is discovered through a screening mammography or a doctor's physical examination.

New lumps or thickening in the breast, particularly in one breast nipple sores, change in form of the nipple discharge or turn in changes in the size or shape of the breast skin of the breast dimpling pain or swelling in the armpit rash or red swollen breasts. Continuous discomfort that is unrelated to your menstrual cycle, lasts beyond your period, and affects just one breast.For breast cancer treatment contact Dr. Amita shah one of the best gyne in Gurgaon.

Breast cancer causes

Some risk factors for breast cancer include: growing age, family history, and inheritance of mutations in the genes BRCA2, BRCA1 (particularly frequent in Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry), and CHEK2. Exposure to female hormones is also a risk factor (natural and administered)

a prior breast cancer diagnosis a history of certain non-cancerous breast diseases beginning your period before the age of 12

Being overweight, not getting enough physical exercise, and consuming alcohol are all risk factors for breast cancer in both men and women.

There is apparently a link between certain benign breast illness and prior radiation exposur

Breast cancer diagnosis

Breast cancer diagnostic tests may include:

  • 1. Examination of the body.
  • 2. If you detect any changes in your breasts or if a mammography reveals anything abnormal, your doctor will undertake a physical exam, inspecting both breasts as well as the lymph nodes above your collarbone and above your arms. Your doctor will also inquire about your medical history as well as any family history of breast cancer.
  • 3. A mammogram is a low-dose x-ray that may detect changes that are too tiny to detect during a physical examination. Before having a mammography, you should notify the personnel if you have breast implants.
  • 4. Ultrasound- If a mammography detects breast alterations, an ultrasound may be performed. This is a non-invasive scan that uses soundwaves to create an image of your breast.
  • 5. Biopsy- If breast cancer is suspected, a doctor will take part of the breast tissue for evaluation under a microscope by a pathologist.
  • Various other scans

  • 1. If cancer is found in your breast, you may need further scans, such as a CT scan or an MRI, to determine if the disease has spread to other regions of your body.
  • 2. Following a breast cancer diagnosis
  • 3. You may be astonished, frightened, scared, or bewildered after learning you have breast cancer. These are typical reactions. Talk to your doctor, family, and friends about your treatment choices. Look for as much information as you can. It is entirely up to you how engaged you want to be in treatment choices.
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    Breast cancer treatment

    Treatment is determined on the degree of the malignancy.

    Staging

    Staging entails determining the extent of the breast cancer and if it has progressed to the lymph nodes under the arm. To determine the locations to which breast tumours most usually spread, a CT scan of the chest, liver, and bone is performed.

    Surgery

    The most invasive surgical treatment for localised breast cancer is to remove the breast and lymph nodes beneath the arm. Breast conserving surgery, often known as a lumpectomy, is performed when a portion of the breast is removed. After breast conserving surgery, radiotherapy is usually advised.
    A mastectomy is when the whole breast is removed.

    Chemotherapy

    Chemotherapy may be given before surgery to help reduce the cancer, if the risk of cancer returning is high, or if the cancer returns after surgery or radiation treatment. If the malignancy is HER2 positive or does not respond to hormone treatment, it may also be employed.

    Radiation treatment (radiotherapy)

    After breast-conserving surgery, radiation treatment (radiotherapy) is suggested to help eradicate any undiagnosed cancer. It is also advised if lymph nodes were removed from beneath the arm and there is a chance that the malignancy may return. If there is a chance of the cancer returning to the chest region following a mastectomy, radiation treatment may be employed. Hormone therapy may also be used.

    Hormone treatment

    Hormone treatment is the use of medications to lower the levels of female hormones in the body. This aids in the prevention or slowing of the development of hormone receptor positive cancer cells. The kind of hormone treatment you get will be determined by your age, the type of breast cancer you have, and whether or not you have reached menopause.

    Medicine

    Drugs that target particular targets inside cancer cells are known as targeted therapies. The medications now available are exclusively effective against HER2 positive breast cancer.

    Palliative care

    In certain situations of breast cancer, your medical team may discuss palliative care with you. Palliative care tries to enhance your quality of life by reducing cancer symptoms.
    Palliative care may ease pain and assist manage other symptoms in addition to reducing the progression of breast cancer. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and other pharmacological treatments may be used in treatment.

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    About Me

    Dr. Amita Shah

    Dr. Amita Shah has spent the last 30 years of her life mastering the art of Laparoscopic Surgeries for complex gynae problems like ovarian cysts, uterine fibroids, blocked fallopian tubes, and gynecological cancers.

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