What exactly is breast cancer?
Symptoms of breast cancer
Some patients have no symptoms and the cancer is discovered through a screening mammography or a doctor's physical examination.
New lumps or thickening in the breast, particularly in one breast nipple sores, change in form of the nipple discharge or turn in changes in the size or shape of the breast skin of the breast dimpling pain or swelling in the armpit rash or red swollen breasts. Continuous discomfort that is unrelated to your menstrual cycle, lasts beyond your period, and affects just one breast.For breast cancer treatment contact Dr. Amita shah one of the best gyne in Gurgaon.
Breast cancer causes
Some risk factors for breast cancer include: growing age, family history, and inheritance of mutations in the genes BRCA2, BRCA1 (particularly frequent in Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry), and CHEK2. Exposure to female hormones is also a risk factor (natural and administered)
a prior breast cancer diagnosis a history of certain non-cancerous breast diseases beginning your period before the age of 12
Being overweight, not getting enough physical exercise, and consuming alcohol are all risk factors for breast cancer in both men and women.
There is apparently a link between certain benign breast illness and prior radiation exposur
Breast cancer diagnosis
Breast cancer diagnostic tests may include:
Various other scans
Breast cancer treatment
Treatment is determined on the degree of the malignancy.
Staging entails determining the extent of the breast cancer and if it has progressed to the lymph nodes under the arm. To determine the locations to which breast tumours most usually spread, a CT scan of the chest, liver, and bone is performed.
The most invasive surgical treatment for localised breast cancer is to remove the breast and lymph nodes beneath the arm. Breast conserving surgery, often known as a lumpectomy, is performed when a portion of the breast is removed. After breast conserving surgery, radiotherapy is usually advised.
A mastectomy is when the whole breast is removed.
Chemotherapy may be given before surgery to help reduce the cancer, if the risk of cancer returning is high, or if the cancer returns after surgery or radiation treatment. If the malignancy is HER2 positive or does not respond to hormone treatment, it may also be employed.
Radiation treatment (radiotherapy)
After breast-conserving surgery, radiation treatment (radiotherapy) is suggested to help eradicate any undiagnosed cancer. It is also advised if lymph nodes were removed from beneath the arm and there is a chance that the malignancy may return. If there is a chance of the cancer returning to the chest region following a mastectomy, radiation treatment may be employed. Hormone therapy may also be used.
Hormone treatment is the use of medications to lower the levels of female hormones in the body. This aids in the prevention or slowing of the development of hormone receptor positive cancer cells. The kind of hormone treatment you get will be determined by your age, the type of breast cancer you have, and whether or not you have reached menopause.
Drugs that target particular targets inside cancer cells are known as targeted therapies. The medications now available are exclusively effective against HER2 positive breast cancer.
In certain situations of breast cancer, your medical team may discuss palliative care with you. Palliative care tries to enhance your quality of life by reducing cancer symptoms.
Palliative care may ease pain and assist manage other symptoms in addition to reducing the progression of breast cancer. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and other pharmacological treatments may be used in treatment.