Knowing your risk level allows you to make more informed decisions about how to protect yourself and other family members.
Approximately 5 to 10% of women diagnosed with ovarian cancer have inherited a higher risk of the disease, indicating that the disease runs in the family. If a blood relative, such as a mother, sister, grandmother, or aunt, suffered from ovarian cancer, the risk increases. .
You are at a risk level similar to the general population if you have:
If you have any of the following conditions, you are at a higher risk:
Other factors that can increase the risk of ovarian cancer include:
Menstruation at a young age or menopause at an advanced age.
Endometriosis is a condition in which tissue from the uterine lining grows outside the organ.
Methods for Reducing Your Risk
Aside from the basics of living a healthy lifestyle by eating well, staying active, and maintaining your target weight, the following factors may reduce your risk of ovarian cancer:
The greater a woman's number of full-term pregnancies, the lower her risk of ovarian cancer.
The longer a woman uses birth control pills, the less likely she is to develop ovarian cancer. This protection appears to last for many years after the last pill was taken. However, because oral contraceptives have some risks, you should consult with your doctor to determine if this is a good option for you.
Although having your “tubes tied” may reduce your risk of ovarian cancer, MSK experts emphasise that the procedure should be performed with the goal of preventing pregnancy, not lowering your risk of ovarian cancer.
Diet and Exercise
The risk of ovarian cancer is reduced by following a weekly exercise regimen and eating a healthy diet. Working out for 30 minutes every day can reduce your risk by up to 20%. In addition to leading an active lifestyle, incorporating certain foods into your diet can help lower your risk. Foods high in Vitamin D, such as beans, eggs, nuts, and other nuts, are recommended, as are foods high in Vitamin A, such as carrots, leafy greens, and sweet potatoes.
Women who have used oral contraceptives in the past have been shown to have a 50% lower risk of developing ovarian cancer. The longer the medication is taken, the less likely it is that ovarian cancer will develop. Oral contraceptives are not for everyone, so check with your doctor to see if this is the best option for you.
Avoidance of Carcinogens
Carcinogens are substances that have the potential to cause cancer. Many of these substances cause cancer only if you have a pre-existing risk factor for cancer, such as a family history or a genetic mutation. However, some are capable of causing cancer regardless of the circumstances. Avoiding talcum powder, which is found in everyday products such as baby powder, vaginal deodorants, and makeup, may reduce your risk of ovarian cancer. Many women who used some of these products near the genital area on a regular basis have developed ovarian cancer. This has resulted in numerous lawsuits being filed against companies that create these products, in order to raise awareness and help women avoid products like these.
Pregnancy and Breastfeeding
Women who have had at least one child, particularly before the age of 30, are less likely to develop ovarian cancer. This risk decreases with each child a woman bears. Furthermore, women who breastfeed their children have a lower risk of developing ovarian cancer.
Maintaining a Healthy Lifestyle
Avoiding the use and exposure to tobacco products can reduce your risk of ovarian cancer as well as many other types of cancer. It is also suggested that you limit your alcohol consumption to three drinks per week. Avoiding tobacco and limiting alcohol consumption, as well as following the above-mentioned tips to exercise daily and eat a healthy diet, can reduce your risk of ovarian cancer.call and book your appointment with Dr. Amita shah who is the gynecologist in Gurugram.