What Is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a form of cancer that develops at the lower end of the uterus, where it meets the upper vagina, known as the uterine cervix. Due to a lack of access to screening and immunizations against human papillomaviruses, cervical cancer is a leading cause of death in women in the majority of underdeveloped countries (HPVs). Call and book your appointment with Dr.Amita Shah’s Global women’s clinic.
Cervical Cancer Causes
Long-term infection with one of the papillomaviruses is the most common cause of cervical cancer (HPVs). HPV infection is frequent, although not all cases of HPV infection result in cancer. There are over 100 different forms of HPV, and just a few of them have been related to cancer. Other HPV kinds, on the other hand, typically generate benign warts on the genitals or skin. High-risk In men, HPV has been linked to cervical and penile malignancies.
Cervical Cancer Signs and Symptoms
Cervical cancer may not produce any symptoms at all, especially in its early stages. When cancer cells begin to attack surrounding tissues, symptoms may occur. Abnormal vaginal bleeding, longer or heavier menstrual periods than usual, vaginal bleeding after sex, pain during sexual intercourse, and other abnormal vaginal discharge are some of the indications and symptoms.
Some risk factors, however, may enhance the likelihood of acquiring cervical cancer. These are some examples:
What Are the Different Stages of Cervical Cancer?
The stage of any cancer refers to how far it had spread in the body at the time of diagnosis. Cancer staging is important in selecting the optimal treatment option.
Cervical cancer progresses through the following stages:
Treatment for cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is often treatable if detected early. The four primary therapies are as follows:
These therapies are sometimes combined to improve their efficacy.
The goal of surgery is to remove as much cancer as possible. The doctor may be able to remove only the portion of the cervix containing cancer cells. For more advanced cancers, surgery may include the removal of the cervix and other pelvic organs.
Using high-energy X-ray beams, radiation kills cancer cells. It can be administered by a machine located outside the body. It can also be given from within the body by inserting a metal tube into the uterus or vagina.
Chemotherapy is a treatment that employs chemicals to kill cancer cells throughout the body. This treatment is administered by doctors in cycles. You will be subjected to chemo for a length of time. You will then discontinue treatment to allow your body to recuperate.
Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a newer medication that operates differently than chemotherapy and radiation. It prevents the formation of new blood vessels, which aid in the growth and survival of cancer. This medication is frequently administered in conjunction with chemotherapy.
Surgery for cervical cancer
Cervical cancer is treated using a variety of surgical techniques. Which one your doctor advises is determined by the extent of cancer's spread.
Cervical Cancer Prevention
Cervical cancer can be avoided with vaccination and the use of advanced screening procedures that detect precancerous alterations in the cervix. Gardasil and Gardasil 9 vaccines are available to protect against HPV, which causes cervical cancer. In addition, Pap testing to detect precancerous alterations that can be treated before they proceed to malignancy has lowered the number of incidences of cervical cancer in the developed world. Schedule your appointment today with Dr. Amita Shah who is the best gynae for women-uterine fibroids.